|Alternative Name :||CTF1, CT1, CT-1, Cardiophin 1, Cardiotrophin-1.|
|Amount :||10 µg|
Source: Escherichia Coli.
Sterile Filtered White lyophilized (freeze-dried) powder.
Cardiotrophin 1 (CT-1) is a 201 amino acid member of the interleukin-6 superfamily. It was identified by its ability to induce hypertrophic response in cardiac myocytes. CT-1 mRNA levels were found both in cardiac myocytes and in cardiac nonmyocytes. CT 1 was also detected in abundance in normal adult human lung and was expressed in both fetal and adult airway smooth muscle cells. CT 1 activates gp130 dependent signaling and stimulates the Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway to transduce hypertrophic and cytoprotective signals in cardiac myocytes.CT 1 has also a neurotrophic function. CTF1 deficiency causes increased motoneuron cell death in spinal cord and brainstem nuclei of mice during a period between embryonic day 14 and the first postnatal week. Moreover, CT-1 is a hepatocyte survival factor that efficiently reduces hepatocellular damage in animal models of acute liver injury. Cardiotrophin 1 expression is augmented after hypoxic stimulation and it can protect cardiac cells when added either prior to simulated ischaemia or at the time of reoxygenation following simulated ischaemia. Cardiotrophin 1 can induce expression of the protective heat shock proteins (hsps) in cardiac cells.Cardiotrophin-1 increased ventricular expression of ANP, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and angiotensinogen mRNA.Cardiophin 1 levels were significantly elevated in patients with heart failure, patients with dilatative cardiomyopathy, moderate/severe mitral regurgitation, stable and unstable angina and after acute myocardial infarction.
Cardiotrophin-1 Human Recombinant produced in E.coli is a single, non-glycosylated, polypeptide chain containing 201 amino acids and having a molecular mass of 21.2kDa.The CTF1 is purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques.
|Purification :||Greater than 95.0% as determined by:(a) Analysis by RP-HPLC.(b) Analysis by SDS-PAGE.|
|Content :||CTF-1 protein was lyophilized from a 0.2µm filtered concentrated solution in 30% Acetonitrile and 0.1% TFA.
It is recommended to reconstitute the lyophilized CTF1 in sterile 4mM HCl not less than 100µg/ml, which can then be further diluted to other aqueous solutions.
|Storage condition :||Lyophilized CTF1 although stable at room temperature for 3 weeks, should be stored desiccated below -18°C. Upon reconstitution CTF-1 should be stored at 4°C between 2-7 days and for future use below -18°C. For long term storage it is recommended to add a carrier protein (0.1% HSA or BSA). Please prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Amino acid sequence :||MSRREGSLED PQTDSSVSLL PHLEAKIRQT HSLAHLLTKY AEQLLQEYVQ LQGDPFGLPS FSPPRLPVAG LSAPAPSHAG LPVHERLRLD AAALAALPPL LDAVCRRQAE LNPRAPRLLR RLEDAARQAR ALGAAVEALL AALGAANRGP RAEPPAATAS AASATGVFPA KVLGLRVCGL YREWLSRTEG DLGQLLPGGS A.|
The ED as determined by a cell proliferation assay using human TF-1 cells is less than 1.0 ng/ml, corresponding to a specific activity of > 1.0×10 IU/mg.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic/therapeutics procedures.